kuidas.works is a slow-tech spatial design practice based in Estonia, founded by Andrea Tamm, Maria Helena Luiga, Hannes Praks and Henri Papson. The focus of our practice is the question “How/Kuidas?”. In our design work we embrace low-tech and natural materials.

If you’d like to discuss a project with us or simply get in touch please send us an email at info(at)kuidas.works.

Our work has been featured in: Archdaily, Dezeen, Archello, Hype&Hyper, World Architecture Community.

Subscribe to our newsletter (in Estonian):

Between Rock and Decay

MATERIAL: Compressed earth blocks
LOCATION: Tallinn, Estonia
AUTHORS: kuidas.works
ADDITIONAL HELP: Helari Sirelpuu (Wuni), Andrus Needo (Krohwin), Marko Kikas (UKU – Pure earth), Mari Uibo, Kaisa Sööt, Eri Rääsk, Ott Kangur
YEAR: 2022

The exhibition "Between Rock and Decay" examined the built environment's lifecycle and asked whether instability could be considered quality in its own right by today's building industry. During the exhibiting period, architects, philosophers, and material specialists gave lectures on four coffee mornings which were followed by compressed earth block workshops. The exhibition was open from 14.05 to 28.05.2022 in Tallinn, Estonia.

I know this room, I've walked on its floor

MATERIAL: Rammed earth
LOCATION: Navan, Ireland
AUTHORS: kuidas.works
ADDITIONAL HELP: Kaarel Kuusk, Semjon Nicola Fehr, Nadine Dajanović, Ana Nikolayenia, Ann-Katriin Kelder
YEAR: 2022

An exhibition project for Wood Works, a collaboration between Estonia and Irish architects on the theme of wood as a material and standards that mold its use in architecture. The exhibit looks at how life is transcribed into standard floorboards and how they become a unique map of actions and events carried out on it.

Restaurant 0

MATERIAL: Rammed earth
VOLUME: 15 tons
LOCATION: Viljandi, Estonia
AUTHORS: kuidas.works
ADDITIONAL HELP: Kaarel Kuusk, Kaisa Sööt, Ann-Katriin Kelder
YEAR: 2021

The project was completed within seven days as part of the filming of the TV show Restaurant Null. The concept of the show was to create a pop-up restaurant in a week, using existing materials and resources as the show was guided by the concept of zero: 0 budget and 0 footprint. So one of the most central questions for our design team arose - with how small of a budget and footprint is our studio able to work?

The house how we need

MATERIAL: Rammed earth
VOLUME: 1.5 tons
LOCATION: The Museum of Estonian Architecture
AUTHORS: kuidas.works, Siim Karro
ADDITIONAL HELP: Kalev Ramjalg, Mariann Drell, Marie Jõgi, Kaarel Kuusk
YEAR: 2021

An exhibition project for the 30th anniversary of The Museum of Estonian Architecture, where the curator, Jarmo Kauge, proposed the following question: "what are the houses that we need?" During the process, we discovered that regarding our planet's future, the question how might be more suitable than what.

SISU_Actual, (Symposium of Interior Architecture and Spatial Design)

LOCATION: Põhjala factory, Tallinn, Estonia
VOLUME: 3 days, 4 workshops, 14 lectures
AUTHORS-CURATORS: Maria Helena Luiga, Andrea Tamm, Hannes Praks, Linda Zupping, Jüri Kermik
YEAR: 2019

The focus of SISU 2019_Actual was on the physical presence of our craft. We investigated strategies for spatial intervention, making, and production through educational practices that combine direct engagement and participation in the creation of physical space. The three-day symposium was split in half between workshops and lectures, that took place alternately, supporting and inspiring each other. Some of the lecturers/tutors included RLOALUARNAD, Daniel Zamarbide from BUREAU & Alice EPFL, Pavle Stamenovic from Raster Collective, Niki van der Ploeg from Envisions, Elena Khurtova and Marie Ilse Bourlanges, sculptor Karsten Födinger, philosopher Jyrki Siukonen, and musician Jimi Tenor.

Material I

LOCATION: Noblessner Foundry, Tallinn, Estonia
AUTHOR: Andrea Tamm
TEAM: Kärt Ojavee, Marie Vinter, Annika Kaldoja
YEAR: 2019

The exhibition, which took place in Disainiöö, showed how the notion of resources and material development are going through changes due to the environmental crisis. The design explored across disciplines how in the future waste materials could be used, drawing knowledge from heritage technologies and nature, how to make use of biotechnology and what kind of high-tech materials are made by using nanoscale.

Bog Hotel

LOCATION: Soomaa, Estonia
TUTORS: b210 architects, Hannes Praks, Sami Rintala
AUTHORS: Flooded summer school students
YEAR: 2018

The bog hotel was designed and built in the summer of 2018, within the framework of the Flooded summer school. The space fits up to 15 people, exactly the size of the summer school student group that designed and built it. In case of unusually high flooding, the number of beds will diminish slightly, as the lower level will flood – and the building can be exited and entered via the extra flood-level door facing Tõramaa River. Within regular Soomaa flood conditions, however, all beds should remain dry. The bog hotel is self-catering, open, and free of charge.

Observation tower TREPP

MATERIAL: Wood, PVC textile
LOCATION: Tuhu bog, Estonia
TUTORS: b210 architects
AUTHORS: Henri Papson, BSA16
YEAR: 2018

The observation tower TREPP is a quarter-shaped wooden building made from larch. It is a magnified staircase with an open structure, forming a corridor. From outside, the tower is covered in half-transparent PVC textile to curb the view, as the visitors rise, to clean the senses and prepare for the view that opens from the top level.


MATERIAL: Soil, barley seeds
VOLUME: 45 tons
LOCATION: Laagna road, Tallinn, Estonia
MENTORS: Hannes Praks, Eik Hermann, Karli Luik
AUTHORS: Andrea Tamm, Ann Press
YEAR: 2016

The Soviet district Lasnamäe has fallen into stagnation, nowhere leading concrete staircases in the middle traffic channel are still waiting for the tramline to be built 40 years later. In the summer of 2016, Lasnamäe’s urban plan got a new mid-term solution with a seasonal barley field installation. The idea of seeding barley came from history— it was the earliest crop grown in Estonia and was grown in the area of Lasnamäe in circa 500-600 BC. The barley field aimed to bring contrasting softness, life and change to the district but also to encourage the locals to take steps towards changing their neighbourhood.